Psychological effects of trauma
There are various different types of trauma, including:
-Single event trauma: where the person experiences a traumatic event once, such as a car accident.
-Repeated or chronic trauma: where the person is exposed to multiple traumas, such as growing up in a war zone.
Complex trauma: where the person experiences both single events and repeated/chronic traumas, such as being sexually abused and living in an abusive home.
-Traumatic brain injury: where the person experiences physical trauma to the brain, which can lead to psychological effects.
Each type of trauma can result in different psychological symptoms. However, some of the most common symptoms of emotional trauma include:
-Shock or disbelief: This is often the first reaction to a traumatic event, where the person feels like they are in a state of disbelief that something so awful could happen.
-Denial: The person may try to deny that the event ever happened, or that it had any impact on them.
-Anger: The person may feel angry at themselves, others, or the world in general.
-Anxiety: The person may feel anxious or on edge and may have difficulty sleeping or concentrating.
-Depression: The person may feel sad and hopeless, and may lose interest in activities they used to enjoy.
-Flashbacks: The person may relive the traumatic event through flashbacks or nightmares.
-Avoidance: The person may try to avoid anything that reminds them of the trauma, including people, places, and activities.
If you’re experiencing these symptoms regularly, it may be time to seek mental health services.