When someone is suicidal, some warning signs are more apparent than others. Some of the more common ones are:
Making statements about wanting to die.
Talking about feeling empty, worthless, or hopeless
Talking about having no reason to live anymore
Giving away personal and prized possessions
Saying goodbye to friends and family
Often, warning signs of suicide are less noticeable. Unusual changes in behavior are often overlooked, especially in young adults going through puberty, when mood swings and irritability are common. Sometimes the changes are more drastic, such as a typically laid-back, easygoing person becoming aggressive. However, the opposite can also be true; someone who has been struggling with depression may all of a sudden seem calm and at peace. Changes in sleeping patterns and emotional dysregulation are also less conspicuous signs.
Many times people who are contemplating suicide exhibit physical pain as well as emotional distress. Headaches, digestive issues, or general aches and pains with no medical explanation can be warning signs in someone at higher risk.
One sign that seems obvious is gathering lethal means, such as a firearm, but many people access lethal means in secret, such as stockpiling pills. With access to these methods, the risk of suicide for someone struggling with mental health issues goes up exponentially.